The southwest monsoon is a seasonal rainy pattern that moves over India from south to north. Here is the current map forecasting the arrival of monsoon rains over India. It usually starts in June and lasts through September. Since India has lots of rain fed crop production, the timing and quantity of monsoon rains is really important to planting and yield of Indian crops, including cotton. In years when India has a weak or late monsoon, it can reduce cotton supplies and affect world cotton prices. In years when India has a timely, above average monsoon, the resulting surplus of Indian cotton turns into exports that compete with U.S. exports.
The 2021 southwest monsoon started June 3 and is are forecasted to be “101 percent of the Long Period Average (LPA), meaning most parts of the country can expect to get normal to above normal rainfall.“
As June 18, the monsoon had advanced into the major west central cotton producing regions like Gujurat. However, the monsoon rains stalled in the latter part of June. Indian forecasters are looking for normal monsoon activity in August and September.